During the post independence era, a large number of irrigation projects were constructed for increasing agricultural production in the country. However, during early seventies analysis of irrigation potential created and utilised revealed that there was a substantial gap between them. The Irrigation Commission made specific recommendations in its report in 1972 that systematic development of commands of irrigation projects should be taken up in order to fully utilise the irrigation potential created. Subsequently a Committee of Ministers set up by the Ministry of Irrigation and Power analysed the issue and suggested in 1973 that a broad based Area Development Authority should be set up for every major irrigation project to undertake the work of comprehensive area development. Based on this recommendation, the Government of India initiated a Centrally Sponsored Command Area Development Programme (CADP) in December 1974 to improve irrigation potential utilisation and optimise agricultural production from irrigated land through integrated and coordinated approach of efficient water management.
In tune with objectives of the programme a number of components such as construction of field channels and field drains, enforcement of warabandi, land levelling and shaping, realignment of field boundaries/ consolidation of holdings, introduction of suitable cropping patterns, strengthening of extension services etc. were included in the programme. Subsequently, in view of emergent needs a few more components like farmers’ participation and reclamation of waterlogged areas were included in the programme with effect from 1st April, 1996 to make the programme more beneficial to the farmers.
Review of the Programme implementation during the VIII and IX Five Year Plan periods revealed that micro level distribution network for supply of water to individual holdings had been created in about 16 million ha and rotational supply of irrigation water had been enforced in about 11 million ha. A number of constraints such as unreliability of water supply at the outlet due to deficiencies in the irrigation system above the outlet, absence of link and intermediate drains to let out surplus water into main drains, non-inclusion of minor irrigation projects from non- hilly areas, low priority by the State Governments to extension and training activities, non-revision of cost norms for various activities since VIII Plan etc. were also noticed during the review. In view of these constraints the programme has been restructured for the remaining period of X Plan (2004-07) and renamed as ‘Command Area Development and Water Management Programme (CADWM Programme)’ to make it more comprehensive and beneficial to farmers.
Initially, 60 major and medium irrigation projects wear taken up under the CAD Programme, covering a Culturable Command Area (CCA) of about 15.00 million hectare. After inclusion of new projects, deletion of completed projects and clubbing of some projects, there are now 150 ongoing projects with CCA of 16.3 Mha. The scheme has been implemented as a State Sector Scheme during the XI Five Year Plan (2008-09 to 2011-12) and initial two years of XII Plan.
During the XII Plan, the Scheme is being implemented pari-passu with Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP). Total outlay for the XII Plan (2012-13 to 2016-17) was Rs.15,000 crore to cover about 7.6 Mha. The CCEA accorded approval for continuation of the programme in September, 2013 and approved guidelines for the XII Plan had been circulated in December, 2013. Physical and financial progress achieved are 0.58 million hectare and Rs.545 crore upto March, 2014. In view of the progress of the programme during the initial two years, the physical and financial target for the remaining period of XII Plan is proposed to be revised after Mid-term appraisal.
Click here to see the list of the ongoing projects under CADWM (PDF 29.8 kb)
Click here to see the list of the Deleted projects from the CADWM Programme (PDF 52.0 kb)